Tourist Travel Information about Belgium
Belgium (Dutch: België, French: Belgique, German: Belgien) is a sovereign state in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and the North Sea. Its official name is the “Kingdom of Belgium,” and King Philippe of Belgium is the current monarch. The name “Belgium” dates back to the Romans. They called their province in the north of Gaul Gallia Belgica after its previous inhabitants, the Celtic and German Belgae. Signal de Botrange (694 m) is the highest point in Belgium, and the North Sea is the lowest point.
Belgium is divided into three regions and three communities. Its two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. However, Brussels and its surrounding area, are officially bilingual (French and Dutch.)
Belgium is one of the 6 founding countries of the European Union. Belgium hosts the official seats of the European Commission, Council of the European Union, and European Council, as well as a seat of the European Parliament in the country’s capital, Brussels. Belgium is also a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD and WTO, and a part of the trilateral Benelux Union.
Belgium is also a part of the Schengen Area. Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy and is categorized as “very high” in the Human Development Index, and has the lowest salary gap between men and women in the EU.