Capital: Sofia

Language: Bulgarian

Area: 110993 km²

Population: 7000039

Timezone : UTC/GTM 2

Currency: Lev

Code: +359

Electric sockets: Plug C and Plug F, 230 V, 50 Hz.

Despite becoming a member of the European Union in 2007, Bulgaria has until now opted to remain outside of the Schengen Area, which allows for unrestricted travel between member-states. However, the country is expected to join the Schengen Area by 2021.

To travel to Bulgaria, US citizens are required to have the following:

  • A valid US machine-readable passport
  • Hold an ETIAS visa waiver (once it is available) 

The ETIAS application process is done entirely online and requires US citizens over the age of 18 to submit the following: 

  • Full name as it appears on passport
  • Date and place of birth
  • Home address
  • Intended country of entry
  • Other data related to personal information as well as their intended itinerary

They will also be required to provide: 

  • A valid email account as all correspondence will be via email 
  • A debit or credit card to pay the online application fee

The ETIAS visa waiver for US citizens is applied for entirely online. It typically takes up to 72 hours to process, in some cases more. Please give yourself ample time to apply for and receive the visa waiver. Upon entry to the Schengen Area, the visa waiver allows for multiple entries and 90 days of total time spent in the European Union over a period of 180 days

There is one US embassy in Bulgaria, it is located in the capital city of Sofia.

U.S. Embassy in Sofía, Bulgaria

Address: 16, Kozyak Street, Sofia 1408, Bulgaria

Telephone: +359 2 937 5100

Tourist Travel Information about Bulgaria


Nestled in the Balkans in southeastern Europe, Bulgaria is a country at the crossroads of thousands of years of history. This makes its cities, especially Plovdiv and the capital Sofia, attractive places to visit for tourists wishing to understand both modern Bulgaria as well as how it became what it is today. Known for its varied natural landscapes, the country is a popular destination for travelers who love the outdoors as Bulgaria features seas, rivers, lakes, mountains, forests, and even a desert.

Interesting facts

  • Bulgaria’s capital city Sofia is over 7,000 years old, making it the second oldest city in Europe.
  • Bulgaria boasts over 15,000 Thracian tombs. Although many of them are yet to be explored, this helps explain how the country comes in third behind Italy and Greece for the most valuable archaeological sites in Europe.
  • Instead of nodding to express approval as most countries do, Bulgarians do so by shaking their heads.
  • The first digital wristwatch was created by Bulgarian Peter Petroff. Other inventions credited to Bulgarians are the first modern electronic computing device as well as the safety feature, the airbag.
  • The state-sponsored education system has led to Bulgaria having a literacy rate of around 98%.
  • Bulgaria is the only country in Europe that has not changed its name at any point since its inception.
  • Thanks to its many mountainous regions, Bulgaria has a forest coverage of roughly one-third of its entire landmass.

Medical Information for U.S. citizens

Recommended vaccines:

  • Routine Vaccinations
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Measles
  • Rabies


  • In the event that US citizens require emergency services, they should call the European emergency number of 112. In Bulgaria, the average answer time is 7 seconds and callers can expect to speak with an English speaker. Bulgaria also has the following national emergency service numbers:
  • Police: 166
  • Fire: 160
  • Ambulance: 150

Related Countries


US citizens traveling to Austria are expected to apply for an ETIAS Visa Waiver before departure. Learn about the Austria ETIAS requirements.


American citizens traveling to Hungary are required to apply for an Etias Visa Waiver. Find our more about requisites for US nationals traveling to Hungary.


ETIAS visa waiver for Greece. Before heading to Greece, US citizens should apply for an Etias before departure. Learn more about ETIAS requirements.